When utilizing compressed air systems for your business, you must always make sure that there are no air leaks, and that pressure drop is kept to a minimum. This is why piping systems are so important.
Mechanical seals need them to deliver a flushing fluid across the seal faces. They also provide flow pathways for various seal configurations as well as the placement of components such as coolers, reservoirs, and pressure switches.
What is a Piping System
A piping system is a full interconnection of pipes that includes in-line components such as pipe fittings and flanges. It is also defined as a collection of numerous components assembled in a correct manner of joints to carry fluid from its source to its destination.
A pipe system is primarily intended to meet the functional needs of piping a fluid from one location to another.
Other parameters that influence it include the kind of fluid being carried, permitted pressure drop or energy loss, required velocity, space constraints, process requirements such as a free drain, stress analysis, fluid temperature, and others.
The Brief History of Piping System
The first mention of pipe systems dates back to 2,700 BC. Ancient civilizations installed piping systems to transport water from springs to metropolitan areas. At the time, the pipe systems were built using non-metallic raw materials that were bonded together with asphalt between two non-metallic components.
The Egyptians created the first copper pipe systems around 2500 BC by utilizing copper alloying processes. The copper pipe system was used to regulate the flow of water from the Nile River. This approach keeps the river from flooding their crops when it is too high and from drying out their fields when it is too low.
The Components of a Piping System
A piping system is composed of three components: pipes, pipe fittings, and valves.
These are long, hollow cylinders that are used to transport or transfer fluids. The most frequent fluids transported are water, oil, steam, air, milk, or finished goods such as paints and juices. Other less common liquids may include pulp, acids, alkalis, or chemicals.
In addition, pipes can be used for plumbing, water irrigation, tap water distribution, and petroleum processing. These components are also vital in compressed air systems.
⦁ Pipe Fittings
These are used to link pipe lengths in order to build a lengthy piping system. They are also being utilized to adapt to varied pipe diameters or forms, as well as to regulate or measure fluid flow. The purposes of pipe fittings vary according to their kind, such as:
⦁ Elbows – Make angle turns in piping.
⦁ Nipples – Threaded on both ends with the threaded closed nipple to make close connections.
⦁ Couplings – Connect two identically sized pipes in a straight line.
⦁ Unions – Allow the easy dismantling of pipe.
⦁ Tees and Crosses – Connect branch lines at a 90-degree angle.
⦁ Y-bends – Connect branch lines at a 45-degree angle.
⦁ Return Bends – Reverse the direction of a pipe rub.
⦁ Plugs and Caps – Close off any exposed pipe ends or fittings.
⦁ Bushings – Connect pipes of several diameters. The male end is put into a coupler, and the female end is screwed into the smaller pipe. They can also attach a small pipe to allow for easy drainage of water.
⦁ Reducers – Used to reduce the size of a pipe. They contain two female connectors into which the various sized pipes may be inserted.
In pipe systems, valves are used to limit, halt, or regulate the flow of fluid. Other functions of valves include:
⦁ Controlling the cooling rates of water through cooling lines to adjust the temperature
⦁ Controlling the passage of concentrated acids or bases through a pipeline
⦁ Redirecting the flow from one line to another in order to balance the system
⦁ Keeping reverse flow at bay
⦁ Stopping the flow automatically in the case of a system breakdown
Materials Used for Piping System
A pipe system can be constructed from a variety of raw materials. However, keep in mind that the materials used for pipe systems should be carefully selected to fit the working requirements of the piping system. The goal is to guarantee that the material utilized is completely safe despite high pressure, temperature, corrosion, and erosion.
Plastic has been widely utilized in the pipe system because it is simple to cut and mold into any shape or size required. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a well-known kind of plastic utilized in the pipe system. A PVC pipe system is used for major water lines and water transfers.
However, plastic pipes are not suitable for compressed air systems. This material can’t usually handle hot water applications as it warps at temperatures above 140°F. When pressurized air is forced into a PVC pipe, the tube can expand and burst under high pressure. This can lead to potentially harming anyone in proximity.